Code of ethics
According to the Federal Law “on Advocacy in the Russian Federation” attorney’s code of professional ethics lays down rules of conduct in the course of legal profession and also provides the grounds and prosecution order for attorney.
Attorney’s code of ethics was adopted on the first all-Russian convention of the attorneys on 31st January 2003. The provisions of the Code fully apply to activity of Moscow bar association “Attorneys and Business”. Following provisions of the Code are about the relations between attorney and client. Attorney has to keep his professional honor and dignity in any circumstances. The status of attorney obligates to follow the regulations of legal profession. Professional independence of the attorney is a required condition for trusting him. The attorney has to avoid the actions leading to erosion of confidence. Abuse of confidence is unsuitable for the status of attorney. Keeping a client-attorney privilege is an overriding priority in legal profession. Client-Attorney privilege’s date of expiry has no time limits. Nobody but only client himself can exempt the attorney from the obligation of keeping client-attorney privilege by nobody but client himself.
The attorney should:
- Perform the duties honestly, rationally, conscientiously, crucially and in proper time, actively protect the rights, freedoms and interests of his clients using all possible and legal ways, following the Constitution of Russian Federation, the Law and the present Code of Laws;
- Respect the rights, honor and dignity of the people, asking him for legal assistance; of the clients, colleagues and other people. The attorney also should have good manners and wear dress code conforming to business style.
The attorney is not allowed:
- Act against the client’s legal interests; provide legal assistance guided by personal profit, immoral interests or under external pressure;
- Assume a position that is opposite the client’s position and act against his will except the situations when defense attorney is sure in self-inculpation of his client;
- Make public announcements about a client’s guilt if he denies it;
- Disclose any information without the consent of the client who asked for legal assistance;
- Accept to do more work than the attorney is capable to do;
- To force his assistance to people and join them as clients using personal relations with law enforcement authorities and promising them;